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In 1943, during the World War II, the hero Andrea Finocchiaro Aprile, established an Independence Movement (MIS - Movimento per I'Indipendeza della Sicilia), that collaborated withthe allies in the release of the island of Sicily.  His goal was the independence of Sicily like a free Republic.  The Sicilian separatist used this yellow and red flag with trinacria.  After World War II, Sicily was recognized as an autonomous region in the Italian republic.
 
The Trinacria was for thousands of years the Sicilian symbol.  It represents the triangular geographical form of the island.  It is the symbolic representation of the monster to three legs, triquetra (three vertexes or triangular).  Sicily, for her particular geographical configuration, is characterized by three promontories, Pachino, Peloro and Lilibeo.  From this configuration, to three vertexes the name of the Triquetra or Trinacria it came to give, in Hellenistic epoch, the representation and characteristic at the same time, of a figure gorgonica to three legs, and become then the official symbol of the island. The word of term Trinacria means "triangle" as for the shape of Sicily, the largest island in the Mediterranean. The Greeks called it Trinakrias, the Romans called it Trinacrium, meaning "star with 3 points."  Today, it's known as Sicily, or Sicilia in Italian.  The Greeks circumnavigated the island and noted the three capes, Peloro, Passero, and Lilibeo, forming three poitns of a triangle in the northeast, the southeast, and the west.  "Taken by its beauty they likened its shores to the legs of a woman" and represented the island with the TRINAKIE, the head of Medusa in the center impliesthe protection of the Goddess Athena, the Patron Goddess of the Isle. (In early mythology, Medusa was the destructive aspect of Athena, later, a monster slain by the hero Perseus, who adorned Athena's shield)  The woman's face recently replaced the original gorgon's head.  The Trinacria first made its appearance on Syracusan coins in the fourth century BC.

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Sicily Facts
Population:    5,132,000
Captial City:   Palermo (680,810)
Language:     Italian
Currency:      Euro
Relgion:        Catholic, others
Land Area:    25,706 sq km (9,925 sq miles)
Landforms:   Most of the island is a mountainous plateau.  The highest point, Mt. Etna (an active volcano), rises to 10,902 feet (3,323 m).  The central plateau slopes to coastal lowlands and some fertile areas drained by many small rivers and streams.  The significan rivers include the Salso and Simeta.
Famous Natives
Francis Albert Sinatra (1915-1998) refused to change his last name to something more "American" and went on to record over 1000 songs and 200 albums.  The quintessential entertainer of our time and one of the most influential male singers of all time performed nearly 200 concerts in 17 different countries.
Frank Capra (1897-1991), was born in Bisaquino, Sicily and his father worked as a fruit picker in California.  Capra intended to be a chemical engineer, but went on to produce "picture poem images" and was eventually hired to make films. He directed Mr. Deeds Goes to Town, It Happened One Night, Mr. Smith Goes to Washington and It's a Wonderful Life.
Joseph Paul Dimaggio (born Giuseppe Paolo DiMaggio) (1914-1999) family members were fisherman who came to California in 1902 from Isola delle Fammine, about ten miles outside of Palermo, Sicily.  Papa DiMaggio would have preferred his son become a bookkeeper.  Joe went on to become one of the greatest baseball players ever to play the game.  The number five centerfielder is in the Baseball Hall of Fame.
Salvatore Phillip Bono (1935-1998) was born in Detroit, the only son of a Sicilian immigrant and an American born Italian mother.  He became most famous for his marriage and partnership in the 1970's with Cher.  He later went on to be elected to the United States Congress.
Louie Prima (1910-1978) born in the music trends of New Orleans.  Started with a seven-piece New Orleans jazz band in the 1920's.  He led swing and big band combo into the later 40's and 50's wtih Keely Smith and saxophonist/arranger, Sam Butera, became the most famous lounge act in Las Vegas.  He also appeared in several movies.
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